Afficio Undergraduate Journal - Science

Integrating Indigenous Knowledge into Environmental Management in Nova Scotia
Courtney Hangle (2018)
This literature review outlines the integration of Indigenous Knowledge (IK) into environmental management in Nova Scotia. While current Western environmental management practices are steeped in history, Western science, and anthropocentric perspectives toward nature, Indigenous ecological worldviews may provide an alternative method of managing the natural world, while also including First Nations in environmental decision-making. The potential benefits of IK have been recognized by policy-makers and included in large-scale local and global policy, such as the UN Convention on Biological Diversity—an international Treaty with 168 signatories (Convention on Biological Diversity, n.d., n.p.; Turner, Ignace, & Ignace, 2000, p. 1275). Even so, there are challenges in merging two modes of thinking about the environment, including stereotypes and communication barriers. However, Nova Scotia has made great strides toward the inclusion of Indigenous perspectives, and Mi’kmaq perspectives specifically, through the creation of First Nations-governed environmental organizations such as the Unamak’ki Institute of Natural Resources and the Atlantic Policy Congress of First Nations Chiefs Secretariat, both of which have strong ties to the federal government (McGregor, 2016, p. 46-48; McMillan & Prosper, 2016, p. 640; UINR, 2016c, para. 3). Nevertheless, Indigenous involvement must continue to increase within the context of environmental problem-solving in Nova Scotia, especially regarding the status of eels, which may be dealt with through proposed amendments to the Fisheries Act (Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 2018, para. 4; Giles, Fanning, Denny, & Paul, 2016, 167-183; Species at Risk Public Registry, 2013, n.p.).

A Comparison of Physical Random Number Generators
Logan Francis (2014)
Good random number generators (RNGs) are required for many applications in science and industry. Random numbers can be created in two ways: with a computer algorithm known as a pseudo-random number generator (PRNG), or by measuring physical phenomena which behave randomly, such as quantum mechanical or chaotic systems. However, PRNGs are deterministic in nature and cannot produce truly random output, while physical RNGs can. Three physical RNGs were constructed: a Chua circuit, an electrical circuit which exhibits chaos; an avalanche circuit, which produces a noisy electrical signal; and a radioactive decay counter. Each RNG produced output in the form of ASCII files containing 0s and 1s. The randomness of the data was assessed using the open source statistical test suite rngtest.

Alzheimer's Disease: Are Certain Parts of Memory More Affected by Alzheimer's Disease Than Others?
Julia Mahoney (2012)
Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is a form of dementia that affects a person’s cognitive ability. It is characterized by the rapid decline of cognition. The first case of AD was reported in 1907 but, even 100 years later, very little is known about the cause of the disease.

Microflora of the Human Gastrointestinal Tract
Rebecca Kennedy (2011 Winter)
The human body plays host to a large and diverse group of microbial inhabitants. The intestinal system is certainly no exception.