Dr. Jamie Livingston
- Ph.D. (Criminology) Simon Fraser University, 2011
- M.A. (Criminology) Simon Fraser University, 2001
- Honours (Psychology) University of Prince Edward Island, 1999
- B.A. (Psychology) University of Prince Edward Island, 1998
Dr. Livingston is a criminologist who studies and teaches about issues of social inclusion and social justice for people with mental illnesses, with an emphasis on those who are involved with the criminal justice and legal systems. He employs quantitiative, qualitative, and mixed method research approaches, and has specialized skills in systematic review methods and applied social research. The substantive areas of his research program focus on stigma, service improvements, and innovations in forensic mental health.
Mental health/illness and the legal/criminal justice systems; Mental health-related stigma; Forensic mental health; Compulsory mental health treatment; Criminal justice diversion; Labeling theory; Social justice and inclusion for people with mental illnesses; Risk and recovery
Recent Projects and Grants
- Working with Victims in the Provision of Forensic Mental Health Services. Department of Justice Canada: $7,567 (2018). Role: PI
- Harm and Harm Reduction in the Criminal Justice System: Connecting Scholars and Practitioners. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada: $23,030 (2018). Role: PI
- A National Study of Opportunities and Obstacles to Successful Community Reintegration of Forensic Patients. Canadian Institutes of Health Research: $1,554,480 (2017-22). Role: Co-I; PI: A. Crocker.
- Forensic Mental Health Success Stories. Nova Scotia Health Research Foundation: $150,000 (2015-18). Role: PI.
- Delivering Methadone Maintenance Therapy through Primary Care: A Qualitative Study of Physicians' views. Nova Scotia Health Authority: $18,000 (2015-16). Role: PI.
- Reducing Stigma of Mental Illness among Boys and Men in Asian Communities in Canada: An Innovative Intervention Study. Movember Canada: $3,000,000 (2014-17). Role: Co-I; PI: S. Guruge.
- What Does ‘Success’ Look Like in the Forensic Mental Health System? Saint Mary’s University: $5,000 (2014). Role: PI.
- Mental Illness Structural Stigma: A Narrative Review. Mental Health Commission of Canada: $25,000 (2013). Role: PI.
- Improving Care and Wellness in Bipolar Disorder: A Collaborative Knowledge Translation Network. Canadian Institutes of Health Research: $600,000 (2011-14). Role: Co-I; PI: E. Michalak.
- Forensic National Trajectory Project: A Qualitative Study. Mental Health Commission of Canada: $65,000 (2011-14). Role: Co-I; PI: A. Crocker.
- Using Community Based Research Methods to Explore and Share Wellness Strategies for Bipolar Disorders. Coast Capital Savings Depression Research Fund: $60,000 (2011-13). Role: Co-I; PI: E. Michalak.
- Livingston, J. D., Patel, N., Bryson, S., Hoong, P., Lal, R., Morrow, M., & Guruge, S. (2018). Stigma associated with mental illness among Asian men in Vancouver, Canada. International Journal of Social Psychiatry. doi:10.1177/0020764018805125
- Morris, E., Hippman, C., Murray, G., Michalak, E., Boyd, J., Livingston, J., Inglis, A., Carrion, P., & Austin, J. (2018). The SSRMI scale: Development and validation of a self-stigma measure for first-degree relatives of people with mental illness. British Journal of Psychiatry, 212(3), 169-175. doi:10.1192/bjp.2017.23.
- Livingston, J. D., Adams, E., Jordan, M., MacMillan, Z., & Hering, R. (2018). Primary care physicians’ views about prescribing methadone to treat opioid use disorder. Substance Use & Misuse, 53(2), 344-353. doi:10.1080/10826084.2017.1325376
- Livingston, J. D. (2018). What does success look like in the forensic mental health system? Perspectives of service users and service providers. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 62(1), 208-228. doi:10.1177/0306624X16639973
- Livingston, J. D., Crocker, A. G., Nicholls, T. L. & Seto, M. C. (2016). Forensic mental health tribunals: A qualitative study of participants' experiences and views. Psychology, Public Law, and Law, 22(2), 173-184. doi: 10.1037/law0000084.
- Livingston, J. D. (2016). Contact between police and people with mental disorders: A review of rates. Psychiatric Services, 67(8), 850-857. doi: 10.1176/appi.ps.201500312.
- Livingston, J. D., Chu, K., Milne, T., & Brink, J. (2015). Probationers mandated to receive forensic mental health services in Canada: Risks/needs, service delivery and intermediate outcomes. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 21(1), 72-84. doi: 10.1037/law0000031.
- Desmarais, S. L., Livingston, J. D., Greaves, C., Johnson, K. L., Verdun-Jones, S., Parent, R., & Brink, J. (2014). Police perceptions and contact among people with mental illnesses; Comparisons with a general population survey. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 20(4), 431-442. doi: 10.1037/law0000023.
- Nijdam-Jones, A., Livingston, J. D., Verdun-Jones, S., & Brink, J. (2014). Using Social Bonding Theory to examine ‘recovery’ in a forensic mental health hospital: A qualitative study. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health. doi: 10.1002/cbm.1918.
- Livingston, J. D., Desmarais, S., Verdun-Jones, S., Parent, R., Michalak, E., & Brink, J. (2014). Perceptions and experiences of people with mental illness regarding their interactions with police. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 37(4), 334-340. doi: 10.1016/j.ijlp.2014.02.003
- Livingston, J. D., Desmarais, S., Greaves, C., Parent, R., Verdun-Jones, S., & Brink, J. (2014). What influences perceptions of procedural justice among people with mental illness regarding their interactions with the police? Community Mental Health Journal, 50, 281-287. doi: 10.1007/s10597-012-9571-5
- Michalak, E., Livingston, J., Maxwell, V., Hole, R., Hawke, L. D., & Parikh, S. V. (2014). Using theatre to address mental illness stigma: A knowledge translation study in bipolar disorder. International Journal of Bipolar Disorders, 2(1). doi: 10.1186/2194-7511-2-1
- Livingston, J. D., Cianfrone, M., Korf-Uzan, K., & Coniglio, C. (2014). Another time point, a different story: One year effects of a social media intervention on the attitudes of young people towards mental health issues. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 49(6), 985-990. doi: 10.1007/s00127-013-0815-7
- Livingston, J. D., Nijdam-Jones, A., Lapsley, S., Calderwood, C., & Brink, J. (2013). Supporting recovery by improving patient engagement in a forensic mental health hospital: Results from a demonstration project. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 19(3), 132-145. doi: 10.1177/1078390313489730
- Livingston, J. D., Cianfrone, M., Korf-Uzan, K., & Coniglio, C. (2013). Mass media campaigns as signals of social movements: Response to commentaries on the paper, ‘Evaluation of a campaign to improve awareness and attitudes of young people towards mental health issues’ (Livingston et al., 2012). Education and Health, 31, 51-54.
- Livingston, J. D., Nijdam-Jones, A., & Team P.E.E.R. (Patients Empowered and Engaged in Research). (2013). Perceptions of treatment planning in a forensic mental health hospital: A qualitative, participatory action research study. International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 12, 42-52. doi: 10.1080/14999013.2013.763390
- Michalak, E. E., Hole, R., Livingston, J. D., Murray, G., Parikh, S. V., Lapsley, S., & McBride, S. (2013). Improving care and wellness in bipolar disorder: Origins, evolution and future directions of a collaborative knowledge exchange network. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 6(1), 16. doi: 10.1186/86/1752-4458-6-16
- Livingston, J. D., Tugwell, A., Korf-Uzan, K., Cianfrone, M., & Coniglio, C. (2013). Evaluation of a campaign to improve awareness and attitudes of young people towards mental health issues. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 48(6), 965-973. doi: 10.1007/s00127-012-0617-3
- Crocker, A. G., Livingston, J. D., & Leclair, M. C. (2017). Forensic mental health systems internationally. In R. Roesch & A. N. Cook (Eds.), Handbook of forensic mental health services. New York: Routledge.
- Livingston, J. D. (2016). Criminal justice responses to people with mental illnesses. In J. Roberts & M. Grossman (Eds.), Criminal Justice in Canada: A Reader. (5th ed.). Toronto, ON: Nelson.
- Simpson, A. F., Linklater, R., Livingston, J. D.,...Flora, N. (2015). A care pathway for federal inmates with serious mental disorders: Consultation report for Correctional Service Canada. Ottawa, Ontario: Correctional Service Canada.
- Livingston, J. D. (2014). How stigma affects the interaction between police personnel and people with mental illnesses. In T. Coleman & D. Cotton, TEMPO: Police interactions - A report towards improving interactions between police and people living with mental health problems (pp. 57-59). Calgary Alberta: Mental Health Commission of Canada. https://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/sites/default/files/2016-05/TEMPO%20Police%20Interactions%20082014.pdf
- Livingston, J. D. (2013). Mental illness-related structural stigma: The downward spiral of systemic exclusion. Calgary, Alberta: Mental Health Commission of Canada. https://www.mentalhealthcommission.ca/sites/default/files/MHCC_OpeningMinds_MentalIllness-RelatedSructuralStigmaReport_ENG_0_0.pdf
Media and Creative Works
In the forensic mental health system, victims sometimes struggle to get support. (2018, July 10). CBC News. Retrieved from https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/in-the-forensic-mental-health-system-victims-sometimes-struggle-to-get-support-1.4741029
MacDonald. M. (May 23, 2018). Not criminally responsible: How an accused finds the road back home. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/not-criminally-responsible-how-an-accused-finds-the-road-back-home-1.4674974
Livingston, J., Burke, L., & Young, S. (2018). Dear Sam. (n.p.): Author. http://www.blurb.ca/b/8613919-dear-sam
Ryan: Forensic Mental Health Success Stories. https://vimeo.com/255456623
Heather: Forensic Mental Health Success Stories. https://vimeo.com/243131790
Matt: Forensic Mental Health Success Stories. https://vimeo.com/233356224
- CRIM/SOCI 3505: Prisons & Punishment (Fall Semester 2018-19)
- CRIM/SOCI 4600: Honours Thesis Research Preparation (Fall Semester 2018-19)
- CRIM 4830: Criminalization of Mental Illness (Fall Semester 2018-19)